Washington County, Maine In the Civil War 1861-66 by Ken Ross lists every soldier and sailor from Washington County, contains detailed descriptions of the battles they fought in and much, much more. A writer friend of mine kindly loaned me this book so I could find my ancestors who fought in the Civil War.
More than 4700 men from Washington County served in the Civil War. Over 490 of these men died of disease, more than 224 men died of wounds, over 590 men who were wounded survived to live with their wounds, 509 were disabled.
Maine and the nation paid a high price in the Civil War. It claimed 620,000 lives, nearly as many lives as American lost in all other conflicts combined (644,000).
My ancestors who fought in the Civil War include my great grandfather William Means’ eldest brothers, Andrew and Eliphalet Means, sons of Otis and Elsie Means. Both men were Sergeants in the 3rd Battalion (The Third Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry); both men were disabled.
Andrew Fuller Berry Means enlisted at age 23 and served from 12/11/61 to 7/21/62. Battles that the 3rd Battalion participated in during that time period were:
1ST BULL RUN (1861 July 21)
BAILEY’S CROSS ROAD (1861 August 27 & 28) YORKTOWN (1862 April 5-May 4) WILLIAMSBURG (1862 May 5)
FAIR OAKS (1862 May 31)
SEVEN PINES (1862 June 1)
WHITE OAK SWAMP (1862 June 25)
CHARLES CITY CROSS ROADS (1862 June 30)
MALVERN HILL (1862 July 1)
Eliphalet Scribner Means enlisted at age 22 and served from 12/11/16 to 12/11/63. Battles that the 3rd Battalion participated in during that time period are listed above, as well as those named below:
2nd BULL RUN (1862 August 30)
CHANTILLY (1862 September 1)
FREDERICKSBURG (1862 December 12-15)
CHANCELLORSVILLE (1863 May 1-5)
GETTYSBURG (1863 July 1-3)
WAPPING HEIGHTS (1863 July 23)
AUBURN MILLS (1863 October 12)
KELLY’S FORD (1863 November 7)
ORANGE GROVE (1863 November 27 )
MINE RUN (1863 November 30)
Andrew Means was a physician in Boston. After the war, Eliphalet was the proprietor of the ES Means store in Machias. They both lived with their disabilities, as did hundreds of other men, for many years. Andrew died in 1905 at the age of 67. Eliphalet died at the age of 49 in 1888.
Washington County, Maine In the Civil War 1861-66 by Ken Ross is available on Amazon in paperback for $18.00, a valuable addition to your reference library.
UPDATE: This book can be found at the Whitneyville Library and at The Washington County Courthouse Heritage Center Museum and Genealogy Research Room in Machias.
“They did not know enough to run” Private Samuel B. Wing
TIME-LINE WITH HISTORICAL INFORMATION (47 pgs.) compiled by Craig Young